The History of Hong Kong

 Located on China's southeastern coast, strategically located on the Pearl River Delta and the South China Sea, Hong Kong is one of the world's most modern and expansile cities.

 Hong Kong was formed when the Qing court was defeated in the Opium War of 1842, after which it was forced to cede Hong Kong to the British government. Sixty years later, Kowloon, New Territories and 235 other islands were also ceded to England. However, the history of this 1100 square kilometer land has preceded the Qing Dynasty for thousands of years. And, as you explore the colorful legacy of the city, you'll see stories of powerful clans, pirates and European merchants. 


From the early days of the British colonies, Hong Kong was a world trade center. In the early twentieth century of the twentieth century, the city was still inhabited by immigrants who came mainly from China. The huge increase in immigration has made Hong Kong a new role as a hub for transshipment. It also stimulates the development of energy and industry. In recent decades, the Chinese economy has undergone a period of openness, Hong Kong has also transformed itself - the era of developing the service economy as well as the important gateway of the world's largest market.


Under the "one-two-state" policy, Hong Kong was an administrative subdivision of the People's Republic of China in January 1997. This agreement allowed Hong Kong to retain high levels of autonomy. This includes the maintenance of capitalism, the judicial and legal system of independence, free trade and freedom of speech.


Understanding the history of Hong Kong can make a dramatic impression that this place is constantly changing. However, despite many reforms, Hong Kong retains its essence. In fact, enthusiasm and dynamism have turned fishing villages into world trade centers and moved into the 21st century. Experience the history of Hong Kong by exploring heritage and culture of this city.



Events over time

700 BC: Aboriginal communities set up fishing communities.

50 BC: China invaded

AD 960 - 1500s: The clans divide the land and build up walled villages to fight thieves and pirates.

1514: Portuguese trader built based in Tuen Mun

Early 1800s: British traders sell opium in exchange for silk, silver, spices and tea.

1840 – 42: The Opium War forced the Chinese to cede Hong Kong to the British permanently; colonial kingdom was established in Hong Kong.

1860: Kowloon Peninsula and Stonecutters Island are also ceded to England

1898: For the British to hire the New Territories for 99 years, the colony became an important trading port

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1910: Kowloon - Canton line to China border is completed

1911-1949: Refugees evade political riots and war in Mainland China and increase the population of Hong Kong.

1941 – 45: Japanese occupation during World War II

1950 - 1970s: Immigrants from China developed clothing and light industry, "made in Hong Kong" is exported to countries around the world.

1980s: Hong Kong has become an international financial center and one of the top ten developing economies in the world.

1984: China and Britain sign a joint statement on the future of Hong Kong.

1997: (July 1) Hong Kong became the administrative subdivision of the People's Democratic Republic of China

1998: Hong Kong International Airport opened in Chek Lap Kok and the Association of Builders (CIMA) honored as one of the 10 constructions of the 20th century.

2008: Hong Kong is co-host of the equestrian events of the 2008 Olympics and the Paralympics

2011: 4 major festivals in Hong Kong are: Cheng Chau Bun Festival, Tai O Deities Parade, Tai Hang Fire Dragon Dance, Hong Lan Ghost Festival of Chiu Chow community in Hong Kong ranked 3rd in the list China's national intangible cultural heritage book is recognized by UNESSCO.


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